In Ethiopia, the Jews were attributed with dishonourable status because of their perceived dissociation from the land. Yet they still derived their self-ascribed honour from their link with Israel, expressed through their name: Betä Israel ("House of Israel").
In the Israeli context, the Betä Israel's association with Ethiopia constitutes both a limiting factor to their honour, leading to a concern among Betä Israel with the image of their ethnic group, and constitutes also a medium for the pursuit of honour. It is in these terms, and in its concern to progress, that the Betä Israel Band of Porachat HaTikva (Blossoming Hope) is viewed as a microcosm of Bet Israel society in Israel. As such, the Band is portrayed as expressive of a shift taking place in Betä Israel identity in Israel in terms of gender and generational relationships, and of the discursiveness between values in tune with their traditional village identity and those they associate with the "decadent" Ethiopian town.
Traditional Ethiopian song-types which form the repertoire of the Band are turned to the Israeli context of the time, amid major international political events, including the first Gulf War. Through the adaptation and performance of these songs, honourable values - heroism, patriotism, and honourable expressions of love, are attributed to the Betä Israel, and the Band in particular. Among these songs, those of reminiscence and relating to their migration to Israel provide the focus for various perspectives on this migration, from the fulfillment of Biblical prophecy, to the painful memories of a land of birth and history, where family members were left behind.
The Spiro Ark, 788-790 Finchley Road
London NW11 7TJ T: 020 7723 9991/020 7289 6321 F: 020 7723 8191 E: firstname.lastname@example.org
Registered Charity No 107 0926. A company limited by guarantee.
Registered No 361 3280. Registered office 788-790 Finchley Road London NW11 7TJ